Mogan Mountain (mò gàn shān 莫干山) is located in Deqing County (dé qīng xiàn 德清县), Huzhou City (hú zhōu shì 湖州市), Zhejiang Province (zhè jiāng shěng 浙江省). It is in the center of beautiful and affluent Golden Triangle Hu (hù 沪), Ning (níng 宁), Hang (háng 杭). Mogan Mountain is National Scenic Spot and was listed as one of the 'Four Best Summer Resorts in China', the others are Beidaihe (běi dài hé 北戴河), Lushan Mountain (lú shān 庐山), Jigong Mountain (jī gōng shān 鸡公山). In the Spring and Autumn Period (chūn qiū shí qī 春秋时期) a couple named Gan Jiang (gàn jiāng 干将) and Mo Ye (mò yé 莫邪), who were expert sword makers, were asked by the Emperor of Wu to make their best sword in three months. They made the unique sword here, so the mountain got its name. Mogan Mountain enjoys the reputation of "the pleasantly cool world".
Mogan Mountain covers an area of 43 square kilometers. Though it is neither so magnificent as Taiyue Mountain (tài yuè 泰岳) nor so steep as Huashan Mountain (huá shān 华山), it is famous for its wild bamboo and dispersed villas of different styles and enthralling legends.
Mogan Mountain is well known for its Three Wonderfulness (sān shèng 三胜) and Four Excellences (sì yōu 四优). The Three Wonderfulness are bamboo, cloud and spring, among which bamboo is the most famous. Bamboos can be seen everywhere in Mogan Mountain, it covers the whole mountain. Bamboos here have various of categories and the largest coverage area all over the world. The cloud is changeable. Sometimes it looks like cotton and sometimes like ribbons. A splendid Cloud Sea can be seen regularly. Springs are another great feature of the mountain. The Four Excellences are clarity (qīng 清), quietness (jìng 静), greenness (lǜ 绿) and coolness (liáng 凉). When walking in the wide bamboo forest, you’ll feel that everything is fresh and clear. Clear springs, fresh air and clear sceneries make one happy and relax. Mogan Mountain is a good place to enjoy quietness. The mountain is so quiet you can only hear the sound of springs and waterfalls, the twitter, and even the sound of winds. You experience the greenness once you arrived at the mountain. The rate of vegetation coverage reaches 92%. Since the average temperature of Mogan Mountain’s summer is only 24 C, coolness attracts a large number of tourists to pay a visit.
The famous scenic spot in Mogan Mountain include Sword Pond Plunging Waterfall (jiàn chí fēi pù 剑池飞瀑), Luhuadang Park (lú huā dàng gōng yuán 芦花荡公园), Wuling Village (wǔ líng cūn 武陵村), White Cloud Mountain House (bái yún shān guǎn 白云山馆) etc..
Sword Pond Plunging Waterfall
The Sword Pond Plunging Waterfall was listed as the main tourist attraction of Mogan Mountain. It is set in a beautiful gully, filled with green trees and magnificent rocks. This is the place Moye and Ganjiang made the male and female double swords. There are two big characters in the stone wall of the pond. Sword Pond Plunging Waterfall consists of three Drop (diē 跌), when the stream water flying out from the Fuxi Bridge, falling two or three Zhang (zhàng 丈) and pouring into the pone, this is the first drop. Then it stops for a while and drops water again, this is the second drop which can reach to over ten meters. The third drop is slower. You can command a panoramic view of the Sword Pond Plunging Waterfall from the Fuxi Bridge (fù xī qiáo 阜溪桥). There is a black brown Mojian Stone (mó jiàn shí 磨剑石) under the bridge with a Side-lying shape. The Shijian Stone (shì jiàn shí 试剑石) is above the Watching Waterfall Pavilion (guān bào gé 观瀑阁). The statue of Moye and Ganjiang is above the Fuxi Bridge, ten meters away from the Shijian Stone, beautiful Moye standing in front and Ganjiang held the hammer and tried to strike.
The Luhuadang Park is filled with green woods and gurgling stream. It is a good place for relieving summer-heat. The beautiful reeds in the park can make you intoxicate in it. The gate of the park was round and. There are white cranes swimming in the oval pools leisurely. The water is very clear and with fountain in it. Walking on you can see the words ‘the pleasantly cool world’ which was inscribed by Li Duo (lǐ duó 李铎). Keep on walking, you can see a platform, it was once an open-air dancing floor. The left of the platform are Luhuadang, Luxueting (lú xuě tíng 芦雪亭), Hezhuoquan (hè zhuó quán 鹤啄泉), Chinese Zodiac Garden (shēng xiāo yuán 生肖园). Shibei Pavilion (shī bēi tíng 诗碑亭) of Chen Yi (chén yì 陈毅) and Steles Forest (bēi lín 碑林) of Mogan Mountain are on the right. The statue of Mo Yuan (mò yuán 莫元), the person who cultivated the mountain, is on the lawn of the platform.
Wuling Village is located on the roof of Mogan Mountain. It is in a high terrain and with magnificent scenery. There are more than two hundreds villas hiddened in the bamboo forest. They represented different styles, including European, American, Japanese and Russian, and were given the name 'World Architecture Museum' to Mogan Mountain. Most of the villas were built in the 20 th century and were used by many famous people, such as Mao Zedong (máo zé dōng 毛泽东), Zhou Enlai (zhōu ēn lái 周恩来), Jiang Jieshi (jiǎng jiè shí 蒋介石) and so on. Now the previous residences are well preserved and open to visitors.
White Cloud Mountain House
White Cloud Mountain House is located on the upper end of Luhuadang Park. The house was built in 1915. It consists of thirteen villas and surrounded by green trees and white cloud. The three villas of Huang Fu (huáng fú 黄郛), Jiang Jieshi's sworn brother is located here. Jiang had visited the villa twice. In 1937, Premier Zhou Enlai and Jiang Jieshi negotiated here about the cooperation between Communist Party (gòng chǎn dǎng 共产党) and Kuomintang (guó mín dǎng 国民党). Jiang Jieshi and Song Meiling (sòng měi líng 宋美龄) spent their honeymoon here in 1928.
Location: 60km north of Hangzhou
Admission fee: RMB 80
Opening hours: 7:30 a.m.- 5:30 p.m.
Transportation: you can take special bus to get there